Simply defined as inflammation of the gastric mucosa.
It may occur as an Acute gastritis when symptoms appear within a few days or it may be chronic when it is present for a long time.
Clinical Features include
- -vague symptoms like nausea, sometimes vomiting , loss of appetite, upper abdominal pain or discomfort.
- - Upper gastrointestinal bleeding
- -Mild epigastric tenderness on palpation which may or may not be present.
Underlying Causes include
- -Use of NSAIDs
- - Alcohol
- -H.pylori Gastritis
- -Radiation therapy
- -Any acute disease or surgery
- - Cancer of the stomach or pancreas
-Peptic Ulcer disease.
- Functional or non ulcer dyspepsia
- Viral gastroenteritis
- indigestion from iver eating, high fat food.
- Biliary Disease
- Angina (Ischemic heart disease )
How to Manage
Avoid the precipitating factors like NSAIDs, alcohol, caffeine, cigratte smoking and high fat diet.
Workup to look for the presence of H pylori, and treat if present.
Medicines like proton pump inhibitors (omeprazole) and H2 receptor blockers (Ranitidine) are helpful.
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