Wednesday, April 26, 2017

Causes Of Dysphagia

Dysphagia means difficulty in swallowing. It may or may not be associated with pain on swallowing. Dysphagia may be associated with ingestion of solids or liquids or both. It is important to know different medical conditions that lead to dysphagia and a simple list is given here:

Causes Of Dysphagia

  • Oseophageal atresia

1.In the lumen
  • Food bolus
  • Foreign body
2. In the wall
  • Inflammatory stricture
  • Gastroesopahgeal reflux
  • Caustic stricture
  • Candidiasis
  • Achlasia
  • Carcinoma
  • Plummer vinson syndrome
  • Irradiation
  • Scleroderma
  • Chagas disease (rare)
3. Outside the wall
  • Pharyngeal pouch
  • Mediastinal tumors
  • Bronchial carcinoma
  • Lymphadenopathy
  • Enlarged left artium (mitral stenosis)
  • Aortic aneurysm
  • Paraesopahageal (rollingl) hiatus hernia
4. Neuromuscular disorders
  • Bulbar palsy
  • Guillain- Barre syndrome
  • CVA
  • Motor neurone disease
  • Myasthenia gravis

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